01 Oct 2014
RP Data CoreLogic Home Value Index Release
Housing values eased their way into Spring, with the RP Data CoreLogic Home Value Index posting a 0.1% capital gain across the combined capital cities over the month of September.
Dwelling values across Australia's capital cities were virtually flat over the month of September according to the RP Data CoreLogic Home Value Index which recorded a 0.1 per cent rise in values over the month. This translated into a 2.9 per cent capital gain over the third quarter of 2014. The flat result for September masks the fact that five of Australia's capital cities recorded a fall in values over the month whilst only Sydney (+0.8%), Brisbane (+0.7%) and Adelaide (+0.9%) recorded an increase in dwelling values over the month.
The September quarter saw capital city dwelling values rise by 2.9 per cent. According to RP Data national research director Tim Lawless, this was once again driven by exceptionally strong conditions across the Sydney and Melbourne markets where the quarterly capital gain rate was 4.1 per cent and 3.7 per cent respectively. Additionally, Adelaide recorded a solid increase in values over the September quarter, posting a 3.1 per cent capital gain. Brisbane (+0.6%), Darwin (+1.4%) and Canberra (+1.4%) also showed a capital gain in dwelling values over the most recent quarter. Perth (-0.6%) and Hobart (-1.0%) were the only two capital city markets to record a decline in dwelling values over the September quarter.
Dwelling values are now 9.3 per cent higher over the twelve months to the end of September 2014, with every capital city recording an increase in dwelling values over this period. Sydney values are driving the growth trend, increasing by 14.3 per cent over the past twelve months. A substantial gap exists between Sydney and the next best performer, Melbourne, where dwelling values increased by 8.1 per cent. Darwin was the third strongest performer over the past year with a 7.1 per cent capital gain, followed by Brisbane at 6.4 per cent and Adelaide at 5.8 per cent. Hobart values were 4.6 per cent higher over the past twelve months while in Perth, values were 3.2 per cent higher. Canberra recorded the lowest rate of annual capital gain at 1.7 per cent.
Despite the ease in capital gains over September, other indicators remained strong over the first month of spring.
Auction clearance rates continued to beat the 70 per cent mark week-to-week while volumes across RP Data real estate agent and valuation platforms remained strong which indicates heightened levels of industry and mortgage market activity.
According to RP Data's research head Tim Lawless, more listings are entering the market place as the weather warms up. He said that the big test for the housing market will be whether additional stock is absorbed by an increase in buyer numbers.
"The annual rate of appreciation in dwelling values has actually been moderating since reaching a peak in April this year. The fact that the annual trend of capital growth has been trending lower is an important factor to note as it highlights that the rate of capital gain is no longer accelerating. Even though housing market conditions remain very buoyant, we have been seeing the 12 month trend drifting lower since peaking at 11.5per cent in April.
"A moderating annual trend, as well as the relatively flat September result, is likely to be welcome news to policy makers and potential buyers after the winter months recorded the largest capital gain since 2007.
"The softer September result is also likely to be seen as a positive indicator by the Reserve Bank which has recently raised concerns about the level of value growth and speculative investing in the Sydney and Melbourne housing markets," Mr Lawless said.
The high rate of capital gain has sparked further debate around the sustainability of housing markets around Australia, however Mr Lawless, points out that most of Australia's capital cities are recording a sustainable rate of appreciation.
Since the beginning of 2009 we have seen Sydney values increase by approximately 51 per cent and Melbourne values up by almost 45 per cent. Across the state capitals, the next highest capital gain over this period has been Perth, where values are up 14.5 per cent.
According to Mr Lawless, the Reserve Bank has recently singled out Sydney and Melbourne as the markets that require some caution, particularly from investors who are buying into markets at a mature time in the growth cycle, at high price points and where rental yields are very low.
Additionally, Mr Lawless noted that when you look back through the cycles of the housing market, the current growth phase isn't as aggressive as what was recorded over previous cycles.
At their peak, on a rolling annual basis, capital city dwelling values increased at a faster pace over each of the previous three growth cycles in 2009/10, 2007 and 2001/03. The big difference over this cycle is that growth has been very much concentrated within the nation's two largest capital cities and has increased for a longer period than the previous two growth phases.
Mr Lawless said that what is concerning is that we have now seen the ratio of housing debt to disposable income reach a record level at 137.1 per cent and we are seeing substantial investor concentrations within the two largest capital cities, particularly in inner-city unit markets within these cities.
"The Reserve Bank has recently highlighted the risks that are becoming more evident in the Sydney and Melbourne housing markets and therefore it is no surprise that the Reserve Bank, together with APRA, is now contemplating the likelihood of introducing macroprudential tools to reduce some of the exuberance in the housing market and rebalance investor demand without having to resort to monetary policy," Mr Lawless said.
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RP Data: Mitch Koper, National Media & Communications Manager 1300 734 318 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction to the RP Data CoreLogic Daily Hedonic Home Value Index methodology:
The RP Data CoreLogic Hedonic Home Value Index is calculated using a hedonic regression methodology that addresses the issue of compositional bias associated with median price and other measures. In simple terms, the index is calculated using recent sales data combined with information about the attributes of individual properties such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, land area and geographical context of the dwelling. By separating each property comprising the index into its various formational and locational attributes, differing observed sales values for each property can be separated into those associated with varying attributes and those resulting from changes in the underlying residential property market. Also, by understanding the value associated with each attribute of a given property, this methodology can be used to estimate the value of dwellings with known characteristics for which there is no recent sales price by observing the characteristics and sales prices of other dwellings which have recently transacted. It then follows that changes in the market value of the stock of residential property comprising an index can be accurately tracked through time. RP Data owns and maintains Australia's largest property related database in Australia which includes transaction data for every home sale within every state and territory. RP Data augments this data with recent sales advice from real estate industry professionals, listings information and attribute data collected from a variety of sources. For detailed methodological information please visit www.rpdata.com.
Key statistics, tables and graphs
available in PDF format
During the December 2015 quarter, the number of residential lot sales across Australia fell by 1.6 per cent, while the median lot prices increasing by 5.2 per cent to $234,600.